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Medieval Landscapes in the Horn of Africa

A Marie Skłodowska-Curie IF project

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The bibliography about the medieval period in Somaliland, Somalia and the South-east of Africa is extremely fragmented and difficult to obtain, and there are no good synthesis for the general public. This list doesn’t pretend to be exhaustive, just show some of the most important academic contributions on this topic, and it will be expanded through time.

Azaïs F.& Chambard, R. (1931): Cinq Années de recherches archéologiques en Éthiopie. Paris: Paul Geuthner.
Braukämper, U. (2002): Islamic Principalities in Southeast Ethiopia between the Thirteenth and Sixteenth Centuries. Islamic History and Culture in Southern Ethiopia. Münster: LIT Verlag.
Chittick, H. N.1982. “Medieval Mogadishu”. Paideuma 28, 45-62.
Cuoq, J. (1981): L’Islam en Éthiopie des origines au XVIe siècle. Paris, Nouvelles Éditions Latines.
Curle, A. T. (1937): “The ruined towns of Somaliland.” Antiquity 11: 315–327.
Fauvelle-Aymar, F.-X. and Hirsch, B. (2008): “Établissements et formations politiques musulmans d’Éthiopie et de la corne de l’Afrique au Moyen Âge. Vers une reconstruction”. Annales Islamologiques 42: 339-372.
Fauvelle-Aymar, F.X., Hirsch B., Bruxelles, L., Chalachew, M., Chekroun, A., Deresse, A. (2006a): “Reconnaissances de trois villes musulmanes de l’époque médiévale dans l’Ifat”. Annales d’Éthiopie, XXII, p. 133-178.
Fauvelle-Aymar, F.X., Bruxelles, L., Chekroun, A., Mensan, R., Hirsch B., Onezime, O., Asnake, W.,  Deresse, A., Hailu, Z. & Ahmed, M. (2006b): “A topographie survey and some soundings at Nora, an ancient Muslim town of Ethiopia”. Journal of Ethiopian Studies, XXXIX (1-2), p. 1-11.
Fauvelle-Aymar, F.-X., and Hirsch, B. (eds) (2011a): Espaces Musulmans de la Corne de l’Afrique au Moyen Age. Études d’Archéologie et d’Histoire. Paris: De Boccard/Centre Français d’Études Éthiopiennes.
Fauvelle-Aymar, F.-X., and Hirsch, B. 2011b. “Muslim Historical Spaces in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa: A Reassessment”. Northeast African Studies, Volume 11, Number 1, 2004-2010 (New Series), pp. 25-53
Huntingford G.W.B. (1989): The historical geography of Ethiopia from the first century AD to 1704. Oxford: Published for the British Academy by Oxford University Press.
González-Ruibal, A.; Torres, J. (2018): “The fair and the sanctuary: gathering places in a nomadic landscape (Somaliland, 1000-1850 AD)”. World Archaeology
González-Ruibal, A., J. de Torres, M. A. Franco, M. A., Ali, A. M. Shabelle, C. M. Barrio, and K. A. Aideed. (2017): “Exploring long distance trade in Somaliland (AD 1000–1900): preliminary results from the 2015–2016 field seasons”. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa 52 (2): 135-172.
Insoll, T. (2003): The Archaeology of Islam in sub-Saharan Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Insoll, T. (2017): “First Footsteps in the Archaeology of Harar, Ethiopia”. Journal of Islamic Archaeology 4 (2): 189–215.
Insoll, T., R. MacLean and B. Engda (2016): “Archaeological survey and test excavations, Harlaa, Dire Dawa, and Sofi, Harari Regional State, Ethiopia: A preliminary fieldwork report.” Nyame Akuma 85: 23–32.
Insoll, T., H. Tesfaye and M. S. Mahmoud (2014): “Archaeological survey and test excavations, Harari Regional State, Ethiopia, July- August 2014: A preliminary fieldwork report.” Nyame Akuma 82: 100–109.
Jamah, A.D. (1996): The Origins and Development of Mogadishu. AD 1000 to 1850. A study of urban growth along the Benadir coast of southern Somalia. Studies in African Archaeology 12. Uppsala, Uppsala University
Jönsson, S. (1983) : Archaeological Research Co-operation between Somalia and Sweden: report on a three-month visit to Somalia in 1982. Stockholm: The Swedish Central Board of National Antiquities.
Mire, S. 2015. “Mapping the archaeology of Somaliland: religion, art, script, time, urbanism, trade and empire”. African Archaeological Review 32: 111–136.
Stenhouse, P. and Pankhurst, R. (eds.) (2003): The Conquest of Abyssinia. Hollywood, CA: Tsehai.
Trimingham, J. S. (1952): Islam in Ethiopia. London: Oxford University Press.
Torres, J. de (forthcoming): “Medieval archaeology in Somaliland: the 2018 field season of the Incipit-CSIC project”. Nyame Akuma.
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